1. Openness and market liberalization are good for economy as well as capital markets. In fact the factor productivity increase dominates.
2. The overall gain of the “openness” offsets risk of economic crises.
“Financial openness is often associated with higher rates of economic growth. We show that the impact of openness on factor productivity growth is more important than the effect on capital growth. This explains why the growth effects of liberalization appear to be largely permanent, not temporary. We attribute these permanent liberalization effects to the role financial openness plays in stock market and banking sector development, and to changes in the quality of institutions. We find some indirect evidence of higher investment efficiency post-liberalization. We also document threshold effects: countries that are more financially developed or have higher quality of institutions experience larger productivity growth responses. Finally, we show that the growth boost from openness outweighs the detrimental loss in growth from global or regional banking crises.”
So the next time someone comments that globalization is bad as it increases economic crises, you now have evidence to the contrary: